TYPES OF CANADIAN WOOD
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Douglas Fir

Douglas fir is valued globally for its extraordinary strength to weight ratio, making it the ultimate choice for heavy structural purposes like post and beam construction. It is also a preferred choice for glue laminated beams (gluglam), doors, general millwork, etc.

Douglas Fir Features

  • Excellent strength and workability
  • Good machining qualities turns, planes and shapes well
  • Excellent screw holding and resistance to splitting
  • Bonds well with a range of adhesives under a range of bonding conditions
  • Excellent sanding, staining and painting properties.
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Western Hemlock

Western hemlock features a fine texture and a straight, uniform grain. This species is seasoned uniformly in dry kilns to improve its strength and stiffness, and to enhance its resistance to decay and insect attack. It offers a wide array of applications, ranging from mouldings and interior wood working to general construction, roof decking and plywood.

Western Hemlock Features

  • Good strength to weight ratio.
  • Excellent machining properties.
  • Good sanding, staining and painting properties.
  • Glues satisfactorily.
  • Turn, planes and shapes well.
  • Moderate nail and screw holding ability.
  • Polishes beautifully.
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Western Red Cedar

Western Red Cedar is highly recommended for outdoor furniture. The wood exhibits outstanding decay and termite resistance along with dimensional stability, which means it resists the natural tendency to crack and check as you might find in many other wood species.

Western Red Cedar Features

  • Western red cedar has an incredible themal coefficient, meaning even on hot days, it is cool to sit on.
  • Western red cedar fibres contain oils that act as a natural preservative to help the wood resist rot and decay.
  • Naturally occurring oils give off that distinct cedar aroma.
  • Highly unattractive to insects and resistant to bacteria and fungi.
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Yellow Cedar Wood

Yellow cedar is fine textured and straight grained and its natural extractives make it a decay resistant wood that is aromatic when cut. Due to its various natural characteristics, yellow cedar is widely used for shingles, poles, marine pilings, oars and paddles, decorative panelling, mouldings and cabinet work.

Yellow Cedar Wood Features

  • Exceptional working properties.
  • Perfect wood for carving.
  • Turns,planes and shapes well.
  • Good gluing properties.
  • Good nail and screw holding ability.
  • Takes good finish.
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Spruce Pine Fir

The spruce pine fir group is a mix of Engelmann spruce, Logdepole Pine and subalpine fir. SPF ha a high strength to weight ratio and is primarily used for framing in North American housing. Due to its dimensional stability and superior gluing properties, SPF is used extensively in the flat packed furniture industry.

Spruce Pine Fir Features

  • Good planing and shaping quality.
  • Good staining properties.
  • Excellent nail and screw holding properties with very good resistance to splitting.
  • Great strength and dimensional stability.
  • Outstanding working properties.